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Winter Driving Safety

Wednesday, December 05, 2012

Vehicle Safety

Driving safely matters in a big way. Road conditions worsen during the winter, as you may be aware… ICE Co. provided detailed information to our employees and wanted to share our modest vehicle safety awareness with you too.

Motor vehicle accidents kill more workers than falls, fires, electrocutions, drowning and poisonings combined. Each year more than 2,000 workers are killed in vehicles on the job. This accounts for 1/3 of all occupational deaths. 

 

4 Tips for Vehicle Awareness while driving:

1) Getting enough sleep 7-8 hours each night.
2) Keeping temperatures cooler in the car will keep you from getting tired.
3) Never operating a vehicle if you are ill.
4) Avoid use of drugs and medications while driving.

 

Seat Belts help occupants six ways:


Many are under the misconception that their likelihood of survival is greater if they are thrown from the vehicle rather than being stuck in a seat belt. However, the truth is that their likelihood of dying when thrown from a vehicle is 4 times greater than if they were wearing a seat belt.

1)   They help prevent the head and face from striking objects such as the steering wheel, windshield and dashboard.       
2)   They spread the stopping force across the stronger parts of the body.
3)   They begin to help the wearer as the vehicle begins to slow down. This is known as the "ride down."
4)   They help prevent the occupants from colliding with each other.
5)   They help prevent occupants from being ejected from the vehicle.
6)   They help prevent the driver to maintain control. This can decrease the possibility of an accidental collision.

 

Vehicle Emergencies: When an emergency comes your way…

SKID CONTROL

Skids can be caused by such things as over-braking, over-steering, over-accelerating and driving too fast for conditions. The most common causes of skids occur when the driving wheels lose traction through excessive over-braking or accelerating. This usually happens on snow and ice-covered roadways. Stop braking and accelerating to slow down your vehicle without losing control.

 

STEERING TO AVOID A CRASH

Keep both hands on the steering wheel. Do not apply the brake when you are turning. Be careful not to over-steer and be prepared to counter-steer. If an on-coming driver has drifted over to your lane it is best to steer to the right. His natural reaction will be to turn back into his lane. Try not to use your brakes until your speed has dropped below 20 mph. This will help to avoid skidding and keep you in control.

When leaving the road try to keep at least one set of wheels on the pavement. If you must get back on the road before your vehicle has stopped, turn the wheel sharply back onto the roadway. Do not try to return gradually. Your tires may grab and cause you to lose control. When both front tires are on the road, counter-steer immediately. The two turns should be done as a single counter-steer move.

 


 

EMERGENCY STOPPING

Two methods of stopping in emergencies are recommended.

 

Controlled Braking

Controlled braking requires the driver to apply the brakes as hard as possible without locking the wheels. Keep steering movements as small as possible. If you need to make larger steering adjustments, release the brakes.

 

Stab Braking

With stab braking you apply the brakes all the way. Release as soon as the wheels begin to lock up then reapply the brakes. Be sure the wheels are rolling before you reapply the brakes to allow the vehicle to respond and straighten out.

 

 

LOSS OF BRAKES

As soon as you suspect brake failure, down shift, pump the brakes to generate hydraulic pressure, and use the parking brake. Be sure to release the button or lever at the same time you use the emergency brake to keep wheels from locking up. This will slow you down.

 

Find an escape route. Turn up a hill, into an open field, a side street or escape ramp. As you come to a stop, do not allow the vehicle to start rolling. Put it in low gear and apply the emergency brakes.

TIRE FAILURE

Constantly check your tires to prevent tire failure while operating your vehicle. A loud noise, vibration or difficulty in steering may alert you to tire failure. If a tire fails, hold the wheel firmly. Stay off the brake. Only use the brake to avoid an accident. Brake gently and pull off the road.

 

 

Links to Safe Winter driving videos:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LmiPM-eXAjs

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B3_X0OCXlWw

 

Drive safely ICE Co. readers!!

Industrial Commercial Electric Co.

Power. Current. Grounded.



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